Virechana (also called “Purging”) is a therapeutic intervention which involves putting substances into the body to cleanse it through emesis (Growtha), purgation (Abhyañga) or vomiting (Reflection).
In Ayurvedic medicine, Virechana is an important treatment for many diseases and conditions. It clears intestinal worms, purges the stomach and intestines of excess mucus and food residue, clarifies the lungs of sputum and assists in correcting acid-base imbalances. Virechana is also a part of Panchakarma treatment.
Virechana is indicated for the following conditions: If the Virechana is not given under expert supervision, it can cause severe gastric irritation and other complications. In particular, when it involves taking several enema, there are chances of dehydration, electrolyte imbalance and intestinal blockage.
The patient may feel problems like griping pain in upper abdomen, abnormal bowel sounds and nausea or vomiting that is usually accompanied with passage of gas. If these symptoms appear during or after Virechana treatment then medical attention must be sought immediately. In extreme cases, the patient may need to be hospitalized and return to normal diet will require several days.